NCLEX Review

Isolation Precautions for NCLEX RN

Nursing NCLEX RN Review Video: Isolation Precautions


In this video I am going to talk about isolation precautions needed to know for the nursing NCLEX RN exam.  Before I begin, be sure to check out the links in the description box for various free NCLEX content and subscribe as I upload at least one new nursing video every single week.



Precautions on various illnesses and the different steps to adequately protect yourself from various illnesses are one of the highest yielding question categories on the NCLEX. It is a given that you will get at least one question on precautions on your NCLEX exam. That is why it is extremely important to remember the different types of precautions and remember which illnesses require different methods of protection.

  1. The 4 types personal protective equipment precaution types are:

    1. Standard
    2. Contact
    3. Droplet and
    4. Airborne


    Standard Precaution requires you to perform and wear:

    1. Hand Hygiene
    2. Gloves


    Contact Precaution requires you to perform and wear:

    1. Hand Hygiene
    2. Gloves
    3. Gown


    Droplet Precaution requires you to perform and wear:

    1. Hand Hygiene
    2. Gloves
    3. Mask


    Airborne Precautions requires you to perform and wear::

    1. Hand Hygiene
    2. Gloves
    3. N95 Mask

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    Here is when to use standard precautions:

    • Every patient you encounter
    • Patients that require contact with any type of bodily fluid


    Here is when to use contact precautions:

    • Anyone who has a transmittable disease via contactable sources.
    • Resistant bacterias such as MRSA, VRE, C-Diff


    Here is when to use droplet precautions:

    • Anyone who has the ability of transmitting through small particles.
    • Meningitis, Pertussis, Influenza


    Here is when to use airborne precautions:

    • Transmitted through the air.
    • Measles, Tuberculosis, Varicella

    Now here are some tips that will help you remember this for NCLEX exam. For standard precautions use

    • “VCHIPS”
      • Varicella
      • Cutaneous diptheria
      • Herpes simplex
      • HIV
      • Hepatitis B and C
      • Impetigo
      • Pediculosis (lice)
      • Scabies
    • Secretions, Excretions and Bodily fluids

    For contact precautions use

    • “MRS. WEE”
      • Multidrug
      • Respiratory infection – RSV
      • Skin infections
      • Wound infections
      • Enteric infections (c. diff)
      • Eye infections (conjunctivitis – red eye)
    • Adenovirus, Diarrhea, Rotavirus, E. Coli, Salmonella, Hepatitis A, Herpes, RSV (if cough productive)


    For droplet precautions try to remember

    • “Spiderman” or “SSSPPIDERMMMA(N)”
      • Sepsis
      • Scarlet fever
      • Streptococcal Pharyngitis
      • Parvarovirus
      • Pneumonia
      • Influenza
      • Diptheria
      • Epiglottitis
      • Rubella
      • Mumps
      • Meningitis
      • Mycoplasma or Meningeal Pneumonia
      • Adenovirus
    • RSV


    For airborne try to remember

    • “My Chicken Has TB”
      • Measels
      • Chickenpox
      • Herpes Zoster
      • Tuberculosis

    That is going to be the end of this video. Check out the description box for free websites that allow you to test your memory for isolation precautions on the NCLEX exam! Thanks for watching and here is how to get to my website:

    FREE resource cheat sheet:



    FREE online practice questions:


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